Peru’s Maritime Tradition
The sea has played a decisive role in the development of the ancient Peruvian civilizations, both in terms of its own subsistence as well as in the expansion of pre-Columbian shipping and maritime trade. These ancient civilizations affirmed their presence in the Pacific, navigating to great distances across Open Ocean following the course of the currents and the force of the wind, arriving to Polynesia. Later, colonial Peru - and the port of Callao - in the 16th and 17th centuries was the departure point of the great expeditions in the Pacific that opened the way and arrived from the coasts of South America to the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and the Torres Strait, next to Australia.
Nowadays, 95% of the Foreign Trade of Peru is carried out through the sea, being the exports through navigation one of the main sources of the sustained growth of the Peruvian economy in the last decade and a half. The traditional position of Peru among the five countries with the highest volumes of fishing catches worldwide, has led the Peruvian Government to continue modernizing its port infrastructure and expanding its fleet of merchant and fishing vessels by over 200% in recent years.
Safety and Efficiency in Maritime Transport
- Peru’s 55 Maritime Port Terminals and 22 Fluvial Port Terminals are certified as safe ports within the requirements of the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code and the Business Alliance for Safe Trade standards (BASC-Business Alliance for Secure Commerce).
- Peru has significantly developed its control, surveillance and monitoring capabilities in the maritime, fluvial and lacustrine environment. To this regard it counts on an electronic vessel monitoring system through the SIMTRAC system of information and monitoring of water traffic (SIMTRAC).
- Officials of the National Merchant Marine are trained under the standards established in the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Seafarer Guidance of 1978, as amended (STCW 78/95), and under the ISO 9001: 2008 Quality Standards.
Emphasis on sustainable development and protection of the marine environment
- Peru holds a special interest in maritime transport, sustainable development and protection of the marine environment. In this field, Peru has adopted sound environmental policies which consider technical and operational measures of ships and increased energy efficiency, in accordance with IMO international instruments, the Paris Agreement, and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. With regard to the sustainable development of the sea and its resources Peru is firmly committed to the Organization's efforts to prevent pollution of the marine environment and to ensure safe and sustainable shipping.
- Due to its active presence and scientific research in the Antarctic Continent, Peru is committed to the implementation of the International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters (Polar Code). The recent launch of the Peruvian BAP ship "Carrasco" will consolidate Peru's role in hydrographic research and oceanographic capacity. In 2018, the BAP "Carrasco" will start its missions of multidisciplinary scientific oceanographic research.
Active involvement in Technical Cooperation
- Peru offers study grants for the PhD program in marine sciences and for the master’s program in maritime, port and fishing administration at the National School of Merchant Marine "Almirante Miguel Grau".
- In 2017 Peru will host the Regional Conference of Graduates of the World Maritime University and the IMO International Maritime Law Institute of Latin America and the Caribbean.
Commitment to the implementation of the IMO Conventions
- Peru has ratified 28 conventions and protocols adopted by IMO and is committed to the prompt completion of the ratification process of other important instruments.